ABOUT THE EASTERN CAPE | Our districts
Just as the climate and terrain of the Eastern Cape varies tremendously from the dry Karoo to the rolling hills of Transkei, so the economy of the province changes between its different districts.
Each district has its own strengths, challenges and opportunities.
Eastern Cape’s 6 districts
These main districts comprising several smaller local municipalities:
Amathole District Municipality is situated in the central part of the Eastern Cape stretching along the Sunshine Coast from the Fish River Mouth, along the Eastern Seaboard to just south of Hole in the Wall along the Wild Coast. It is bordered to the north by the Amathole Mountain Range. Its main town are Adelaide, Alice, Amatola Coastal, Bedford, Butterworth, Cathcart, Dutywa, Elliotdale, Fort Beaufort, Hamburg, Hogsback, Kei Mouth, Kei Road, Keiskammahoek, Kentani, Komga, Middeldrift, Morgan Bay, Ngqamakhwe, Peddie, Seymore, Stutterheim and Willowvale.Its main economic sectors are community services, finance, manufacturing, trade, transport, agriculture and construction.
The municipality is located to the east of the Eastern Cape province, on the Indian Ocean coastline. It is bordered by the Alfred Nzo District Municipality to the north, the Joe Gqabi District Municipality to the north-west, the Chris Hani District Municipality to the west and the Amathole District Municipality to the south-west.
Its main towns are Flagstaff, Libode, Lusikisiki, Mqanduli, Mthatha, Ngqeleni, Port St Johns, Qumbu and Tsolo.
Its main economic sectors are community services, trade, finance, agriculture, transport, manufacturing and construction.
The district, which is vastly agricultural, provides an ideal investment opportunity for agro-processing, and its proximity to the ports of East London and Port Elizabeth, with links to major routes like the N6 and N10, is an advantage.Its main towns are Cala, Cofimvaba, Cradock, Dordrecht, Elliot, Engcobo, Hofmeyr, Indwe, Lady Frere, Middelburg, Molteno, Mount Zebra National Park, Queenstown, Sada, Sterkstroom, Tarkastad, Tsomo and Whittlesea.Its main economic sectors are community services, trade, finance, transport, agriculture, manufacturing and electricity.
Its main economic sectors are agriculture (mohair) and tourism.
Its main towns are Aberdeen, Addo, Adendorp, Alexandria, Alicedale, Bathurst, Boknes/Cannon Rocks, Bushmans River, Cape St Francis, Clarkson, Cookhouse, Gamtoos Mouth, Graaff-Reinet, Grahamstown, Hankey, Humansdorp, Jansenville, Jeffreys Bay, Joubertina, Kareedouw, Kendrew, Kenton-on-Sea, Kirkwood, Klipplaat, Krakeel River, Loerieheuwel, Louterwater, Misgund, Nieu-Bethesda, Nompumelelo, Oyster Bay, Patensie, Paterson, Pearston, Petersburg, Port Alfred, Riebeek East, Rietbron, Sanddrif, Seafield, Sidbury, Somerset East, St Francis Bay, Steytlerville, Storms River, Thornhill, Waterford, Willowmore and Woodlands.
The province also has two metropoles which are:
Nelson Mandela Bay
Its main economic sectors are manufacturing, community services, finance, trade and transport.
Main towns and cities include Bethelsdorp, Bloemendal, Blue Horizon Bay, Clarendon Marine, Despatch, KwaNobuhle, Motherwell, Port Elizabeth and Uitenhage.
The predominant languages spoken are English, Afrikaans and isiXhosa.
It is the economic hubs of the Eastern Cape and one of only six metropolitan areas in South Africa.
Nelson Mandela Bay is a major seaport and automotive manufacturing centre located on the south-eastern coast of Africa.
Its main economic sectors are community services, finance, manufacturing, trade and transport.
Its main town are Bhisho, Dimbaza, East London, Kidd's Beach, King William's Town, Mdantsane, Phakamisa and Zwelitsha.
The area has a well-developed manufacturing base, with the auto industry playing a major role. The climate is mild, with year-round sunshine.
It is situated on the east coast of the Eastern Cape province.
Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality is the newer of the province’s two metropolitan municipalities.
Local economic development
District and local municipalities play an important role in local economic development (LED) through provision of public services and development projects, especially in the poorest areas.
These have drawn up Integrated Development Plans (IDPs) to identify their priorities for supporting economic and social development.
The larger district municipalities are taking on growing responsibilities for infrastructure, including rural roads, water and sanitation, and housing.
The local municipalities are the main point of delivery for social services, including education, health and welfare.